Our future for energy
Our future for energy

Future of energy

Understanding the challenges

We need to continue to deliver reliable energy at affordable costs for customers, and to help the UK meet strict decarbonisation targets.

It’s a tough challenge: reducing carbon emissions while continuing to deliver what customers want and need.

The energy balance is how we refer to the challenge of finding a balance between all three


Reliable supply and infrastructure that meet demand


Decarbonised and carbon neutral


Cost-effective across the whole UK population

We need to find a balance

When weighing up the pros and cons of different energy solutions, it’s important to consider three things: how reliable it is; the environmental impact it has; and how much it costs. Some solutions might be very sustainable, but cost a lot and are unreliable. Others might be cheaper and reliable, but less sustainable.

Can customers pay?

Future energy policy will be paid for by customers’ bills. So before we started exploring the future of energy, we spoke to real energy consumers in a typical town in South Wales to ask them what they want and need.

Our research shows the initial setup cost is a key deciding factor for consumers considering switching to an alternative heating source.

Where an up-front cost was required, more than 80% of consumers would not – or could not – afford to change.

This means that any solution to the decarbonisaton of heat must consider access to low cost loans and grants or subsidies to make sure everyone can benefit.

Supporting clean growth

The UK is at the forefront of encouraging global clean growth, and by one estimate, the UK’s clean economy could grow at four times the rate of GDP. The future energy system must support this as we move towards a greener economy.

Keeping it simple

However we meet future energy needs, it’s important to keep disruption to a minimum, in homes, businesses and local communities. And it will be much easier for everyone to adapt to the changes if we don’t ask them to do too many things differently.